Bedbugs are a people problem, not a structural problem. They are initially brought into a building by people or on items brought in by people. Bedbugs are encountered wherever people rest or congregate. A few example include: all public transportation, from cars to cruise ships; waiting rooms; theaters; schools; dress shop changing rooms; and furniture, especially used upholstered furniture. Thus elimination of bedbugs from your property does not guarantee against re-infestation. Monitoring and inspection after the initial treatment for a period of time is critical to ensure they are eliminated. Preventative measures are also necessary to prevent re-infestation.
Bedbugs lay 2-12 eggs per day, in hidden locations, with glue that resists most vacuum cleaners. Very few pesticides can kill them. Mating is traumatic for the females, who tend to migrate away from congregations of adults. Thus, eggs are often laid in unlikely places, far from the original nesting site. Eggs hatch in 3 days. Development to adult can take weeks, depending on food availability and temperature. The majority of blood meals pass as liquid waste and causes tell tale reddish to black stains where bedbugs hide. They can hide a considerable distance from the bedroom. Bedbugs are drawn to CO2 and heat from potential victims. They do not feed every day, and can go long periods without feeding- in extreme cases, up to 1 year. Bedbugs are small- the size of a ladybug – and flat. They can hide in numerous places. Some examples include: plush toys; under carpet; in wigs; backpacks; pet beds; stereos; cell phones; prosthetics; dried flowers; computers; smoke detectors; a/c vents; televisions; wheelchairs.
Bites and reaction to bedbugs vary in individuals.
Some react severely immediately and some
not at all. The average person will have
bedbugs 18 months before discovery-
time enough to spread them to family and friends.
Peak feeding time is after midnight.
Bedbugs are hard to kill. They do not pick up pesticide residue the way roaches do. Treatment consists of a variety of methods and materials as well as education of the victim on monitoring and prevention. Scope uses both dry and spray-on dust formulation to desiccate pests. These can leave white visible residues. They do not stain, are non-toxic, and can be cleaned off after elimination is achieved. Contact insecticides are also applied. It can kill all stages of bugs on contact.
Facts About Bed Bugs
Bed bugs have largely been thought of as being a problem of the past. Unfortunately, we are now experiencing a widespread recurrence of bed bugs in the United States and abroad. The most significant factor that explains their return is the increase in international travel. Bed bugs easily get into clothing or luggage and are brought home. Even the finest hotels are not immune.
A bed bug does not actually live under your skin, but will simply drink a few drops of blood while you are sleeping. You cannot feel its bite, even though it is actually piercing the skin. Although some saliva will get into the bite, bed bugs are not known to pass on any diseases to humans.
The different species of bed bugs have different feeding preferences. Some prefer human blood while others prefer bats and birds. Bed Bugs primarily reside in their target's nests or nesting areas.
While many bed bugs hide in mattresses, some may also hide in a sofa or chair, or behind wall paper or pictures. Thoroughness is the only real way to get rid of Bed Bugs. Every corner and crevice needs to be searched. As you might guess, this means that simply getting rid of an infected mattress will not completely solve the problem.
Bed Bug bites often cause redness and some swelling. Antihistamines and corticosteroids may be given to help relieve the itching. Approximately 50% of Bed Bug victims do not show any evidence of bites.
These tenacious pests are about 3/8" long and are visible to the naked eye. Amazingly, they are able to go without food for as long as a year. After getting their fill of blood, the females will lay eggs in batches of up to 200 at a time.
Since their reappearance, researchers have found that the new Bed Bugs are much more resistant to chemicals that have previously been in use. Insecticides that are often used for roaches and similar insects are ineffective on Bed Bugs. Bed Bugs, in particular, require professional pest control management.